How to Disinfect Fruits and Vegetables

If you are wondering about how to wash fruits and vegetables, this article provides basic information on how to do so. Because of the wide variety, we have provided here some basic guidelines on how to clean and prepare fruits and vegetables.


How to wash fruits and vegetables ?

1. Cold water

There are different methods that you can use to make sure that you sanitize fruits and vegetables before you store or eat them. One way of doing this is by using cold water for washing the produce items. When it comes to washing these produce items you should be careful because you do not want to wash them with water that contains any kind of chemicals.

2. Baking soda

If you are going to be using a baking soda bath then you should use about three quarters of a cup of baking soda. After you are done with using the baking soda bath then you should put the fruits and vegetables that you want to be washed in the tub. Then you should close the tube tightly and take about fifteen minutes for the items to be rinsed.

3. Detergent solution

When washing fruits and raw food products with a detergent solution, it is important to remember not to pour the solution onto the peel as this can cause it to peel. Washing should be done on a clean tablecloth and wash away all loose vegetables or any dirt. Once the clean cloth is used, it is important to wipe the vegetables dry with a clean dry cloth. Food color additives can be removed by wiping the peel with a white cotton cloth. If any residual nutrients are left, these should be wiped away as well.


4. Warm water

Warm water can be used too. When cleaning out the vegetables or fruit to get rid of any remaining dirt, you should first rinse them with a cup of warm water and then place in a colander to dry. Do not clean too much as you could leave some stains and make your produce more likely to have mould or mildew to develop. Once you have finished cleaning, you should pat it with a soft cloth to dry. Finally you should wipe the fruit or vegetable with a dry cloth to remove any remaining dust or dirt. The easiest and safest way of disinfection of fruits and vegetables is by using a bowl and sponge and here are a few simple ways to get you started.

Benefits of washing fruits and vegetables :

Washing vegetables helps remove E.coli, the main bacteria responsible for food poisoning, from the outer surface of vegetables. Most of the e.coli will be deep in the soil attaching to the produce. Proper washing to remove soil and any dirt is especially important, so as to not contaminate the finished product. If vegetables are not washed, it is possible to use a normal dose of liquid detergent to wash the produce and leave it out to dry naturally. If you opt to wash vegetables, you should only use cold water, no soap, no bleach, no salt, no oil, no food colors, and no additives.

Why do you need to sanitize fruits and vegetables ?

Fungi can also survive in the skin of fruits and vegetables. Direct contact with a berry fruit, for example, can leave behind a fungal infection called trunk rot. This can result in serious consequences, particularly if it is not treated before it spreads through the entire plant. Other diseases that can be spread through skin contact include: e-coli, cholera, solanine, salmonella, listeria, staphylococcus aureus, and botulism.


So, what vegetables can be cleaned with cold water?

The answer to this question depends on the kind of vegetable that you are talking about. As an example, spinach and rhubarb can both be washed with cold water. This will ensure that they will stay clean and crisp. You might also consider using lemon juice to clean these vegetables since it has an acidic taste, which deters most insects from eating them.

On the other hand, some vegetables, such as broccoli, turn to dark green when they are washed because their roots get exposed to water. If you want to avoid this, you should drain the water from the roots first and keep them out of the water. On the other hand, some fruits such as lemons and limes can be safely washed with cold water. Some citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruit and tangerines can be safely used in a juicer. You just have to make sure that you use a gentle brine solution so that they don’t end up tasting like chemicals.

Why cold water is the best option for cleaning fruits and vegetables ?

Cold water destroys microorganisms that thrive in the leafs and stems of most vegetables. As such, it is great for cleaning leaves that have been sitting around too long and decaying. While there are some exceptions, if you use cold water to clean your vegetables before cooking them, it is safe to assume that any remaining microorganisms have been destroyed. This makes cold water a great way to clean your produce before using it on the grill. Just make sure that you have thoroughly cleaned the stems and leaves of the greens prior to cooking. Using cold water to dry off your produce is also a great way to retain vitamins and minerals that may have been lost during the process of drying.

Perhaps, the best reason to use cold water when cleaning food is simply because it’s cheap! Yes, compared to commercial cleaning solutions, cold water is actually quite affordable. If you have a dishwasher, you can use cold water as a washing solution quite frequently. If you have a desktop, you can even use it to get your vegetables completely clean. In fact, you may be surprised at the number of items that can be cleaned with cold water. Once you get into the habit of using cold water as a part of your daily cleaning routine, you’ll find that your cleaning time is much faster than ever before.

Don’t be too vigorous :

It might be surprising but one thing you should know about washing vegetables is that you shouldn’t be too vigorous. This means that you shouldn’t use a lot of force to get rid of dirt and debris from them. You should also use water that’s colder than room temperature. The reason why cold water is better is that even though you’re pushing the dirt and debris out of your vegetables, they’re not going to be cold enough to harm them.


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